The Fiction of Joseph Conrad (Anglo-amerikanische Studien /

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Existentialism and Behaviorism are two of the most popular theories of the twentieth century developing in the aftermath of the First World War. Which of the following was a key feature of ancient Chinese humanism? a) An emphasis on theoretical philosophy. b) A subordination of intellectual life to religious faith. c) An elevation of intellectual life over religious faith. d) An establishment of a monastic upper class.

Phenomenology of Spirit

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Psychodynamic research has traditionally entailed interpreting clinical case studies, and subschools ranging from Freudian psychoanalysis to Neo-Jungian archetypal psychology have employed myth as a vehicle of interpretation. Thus, absurdism has always been associated with existentialism though it has its own place in the world of philosophy. We can not decide a priori what there is to be done.

Existential Anthropology: Events, Exigencies, and Effects

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Which character – as performed by Professor Robert C. The Ideas column serves to keep track of their evolving hypotheses about solutions, such as difficulty breathing might be caused by asthma, a common respiratory ailment. Free existentialism Essays and Papers - 123helpme Free existentialism papers, essays, ... [tags: Literature Essays Literary Criticism]:: ... Nevertheless, according to Sartre these same conditions also surround all humanity, rendering all, in a sense, isolated by conflict.

Beauvoir and the Second Sex: Feminisim, Race and Origins of

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Educational theory is the application of philosophy to the classroom. In this sense existentialism is optimistic, a doctrine of action, and it is plain dishonesty for Christians to make no distinction between their own despair and ours and then to call us despairing. To decide that I love my mother by staying beside her, and to play a comedy the upshot of which is that I do so – these are nearly the same thing. In this context it became increasingly difficult to “become who you are” for two reasons: (i) social identities were unusually fluid; and (ii) there was a proliferation of normalizing institutions which produced pseudo-individuals.

Camus: Portrait of a Moralist

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And this doesn't mean some minor “room for improvement,” to the Continental thinkers. While I agree with some of the criticisms of existentialism and its leading proponents, my primary interest is in broader existential questions, which are often at the core of great literature. Existentialism is a term applied to the work of certain late 19th- and 20th-century philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences, [1] [2] [3] shared the belief that philosophical thinking begins with the human subject—not merely the thinking subject, but the acting, feeling, living human individual. [4] In existentialism, the individual's starting point is characterized by what has been called "the existential attitude", or a sense of disorientation and confusion in the face of an apparently meaningless or absurd world. [5] Many existentialists have also regarded traditional systematic or academic philosophies, in both style and content, as too abstract and remote from concrete human experience. [6] [7] Søren Kierkegaard is generally considered to have been the first existentialist philosopher, [1] [8] [9] though he did not use the term existentialism. [10] He proposed that each individual—not society or religion—is solely responsible for giving meaning to life and living it passionately and sincerely ("authentically"). [11] [12] Existentialism became popular in the years following World War II, and strongly influenced many disciplines besides philosophy, including theology, drama, art, literature, and psychology. [13] There has never been general agreement on the definition of existentialism.

Egocentricity and Mysticism: An Anthropological Study

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For Kierkegaard, there was no contradiction between freedom and God. One day we are born, one day we die… that’s how it is on this bitch of an earth (Terry).” Beckett’s rejection of Aristotelian ideals is further describes how he defined a play, “in terms of unity of stage time, stage space, and stage situation. It is not the kind of shallow self-branding that Peters (who knows more about branding than most) is aiming to contest. Nearly all future world record prices would be achieved in the New York sales rooms of Christie's and Sotheby's.

Denial of the Soul: Spiritual and Medical Perspectives on

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Sartre likewise believed that human existence is not an abstract matter, but is always situated ("en situación"). What did we do when we unchained this earth from its sun? The woman went on to marry and lead a happy life, but Kierkegaard continued to obsess over her throughout his writing career. And this little old man, with nothing left to give to the world, is now the author of this 'anonymous' poem winging across the Internet. All doubting and rejecting of the data of the natural world leaves standing the general thesis of the natural standpoint. "The" world is a fact-world always there; at the most it is at odd points other than I supposed, this or that under such names as "illusion", "hallucination", and the like, must be struck out of it, so to speak; but the "it" remains ever, in the sense of the general thesis, a world that has its being out there [6, emphasis in original].

The Transcendence of the Ego: A Sketch for a

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In this book, Cotkin traces the history of American Existentialism from Emily Dickinson in the early nineteenth century to Ralph Ellison and Norman Mailer of the twentieth century. A positive relationship between exercise and global self-esteem was indicated in all age groups. (Branch, 1998, Boyd & Hrycaiko, 1997). The significant experience that a person has, says Marcel, is related to other persons, or involves what he called inter-subjectivity. It emerged beginning in the 1950s as a critique of doctrines such as positivism and emphasizes the importance of power relationships, personalization and discourse in the "construction" of truth and world views.

Martin Buber and His Critics (Routledge Revivals): An

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The paintings were layered very thickly without direct concern for realism. I’ll have to get used to the idea of a death without delicious food and beautiful music. As a result of all this, the next major international movement - Abstract Expressionism - was created by American artists of the New York School. So, in the bright realm of values, we have no excuse behind us, nor justification before us. Heidegger spent his entire life asking one question: What is it “to be?” Behind all our day-to-day living, for that matter, behind all our philosophical and scientific investigations of that life, how is it that we “are” at all?

An Invitation to Dialogue between East and West (Asian

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Just as the best trained jazz musicians can pass most "blindfold tests" (they can hear a piece of music and identify the musician), so most well trained philosophers can recognize Quine's work. The two projects melded in the inquisitive minds (Scheler, Heidegger, Sartre, Stein, Merleau-Ponty, et al.) and numerous philosophical issues were expanded in various perspectives (the lived body, subjectivity, personhood, etc.) In a fruitful cross-pollination of insights, ideas, approaches, fused in one powerful wave and undermined the dominant reductionism, empiricism, naturalism then being disseminated throughout science and all domains of thought.